|Many people admire the paintings and sculptures that artists create.
|Some very beautiful paintings and sculptures were created by two men
|who lived in the same country at the same time.
|These men were Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.
|They both lived in Italy around the year 1500.
|Leonardo da Vinci is most famous for his painting called the Mona Lisa.
|This is perhaps the best-known painting in the world.
|The Mona Lisa shows the head and shoulders of a dark-haired woman.
|When people look at this painting, they are often captivated by her smile
|and by her eyes, which have a look of mystery.
|Another painting of Leonardo’s is called The Last Supper.
|This painting shows a famous scene from the Christian religion.
|In this painting, Jesus Christ is seated at the middle of a long table,
|with his followers (the disciples) seated around him.
|Many of the paintings that were created at this time have a religious theme.
|Leonardo was not only an artist; he was also interested in engineering.
|He actually worked for some time as an adviser to a military leader,
|helping him to develop new machines for use in war.
|Leonardo also made rough drawings of machines
|that are similar to those that were invented much later,
|such as submarines and helicopters.
|Obviously, Leonardo was an extremely creative man.
|Michelangelo was about 23 years younger than Leonardo.
|In addition to being a painter,
|Michelangelo was also a sculptor,
|and many experts consider him the greatest sculptor of all time.
|One of his most famous sculptures is David,
|which is a statue of a young man who was a famous figure in the Bible.
|Another great sculpture of Michelangelo is called the Pieta.
|The Pieta shows Mary, mother of Jesus, holding the baby of her son across her lap.
|Michelangelo is also famous for painting the ceiling of a church known as the Sistine Chapel.
|The leader of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Julius,
|asked Michelangelo to paint the ceiling of this new church.
|This project required many years of hard work,
|and the Pope complained that it took too long.
|However, when the work was finished,
|the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was covered with beautiful paintings
|of many scenes from the Bible.
|Fortunately, many of the works of Leonardo and of Michelangelo
|can still be seen today in art galleries of Europe.
|During the past 500 years,
|the color of the paintings had faded somewhat,
|but in recent years,
|some work has been done to restore the paintings to their original appearance.