|Canada has about fifty accredited universities spread across ten provinces.
|All, except one, are primarily government-funded.
|This means that there is considerable uniformity regarding programs, administration and policy.
|Private colleges tend to be smaller and are mostly based on a religious curriculum.
|Most universities offer programs in the Humanities, Social Sciences and pure Sciences.
|Many have additional faculties such as Education and Physical Education.
|Many programs that lead directly to a position in the workplace are given at community colleges.
|Community colleges differ from universities because their programs involve job training and practical experience.
|For example, they might offer courses in areas such as computer programming,
|journalism, photography, social work, dentistry and nursing.
|Their programs are considered to be less abstract and academic than university programs.
|Many students see university as being more fun than community college.
|They don’t have to worry immediately about getting a job,
|and the social life is often better at university.
|However, a university degree may be less likely to lead directly to a job.
|Nowadays, university programs, which are work-related,
|such as business administration, education, child studies and psychology,
|seem especially popular.
|Universities, however, were founded mainly as liberal arts institutions.
|This means that their original intent was to prepare people to be well-rounded human beings and knowledgeable citizens.
|So nearly all universities have programs in literature,
|languages, philosophy, culture, music,
|history and politics, as well as studies that are more job-related.
|A pass B.A. or B.Sc. degree in Canada is normally three full years of study after secondary school.
|A bachelor degree with honors includes one more year of study.
|A Master’s degree is a further one or two years.
|A doctorate usually requires four or more years.
|This is similar to the United States, except that their bachelor degree is normally three years,
|and their master’s degree may be up to three years.
|To gain entrance to university you usually need to graduate from secondary school with a B average.
|Some programs will require an A average.
|Tuition costs have gone up in recent years as governments have handed over less money to colleges and universities.
|More students now have to work during the school year to pay their expenses.
|Attending college and university is known to be one of the most carefree periods in a person’s life.
|As long as you keep up with your readings and assignments, you should be able to avoid major difficulties.
|Facilities for athletics, student radio and newspapers, pubs and lounges
|and generally pleasant surroundings make campus life agreeable.
|It is a good time to make friends, learn new skills and take calculated risks.
|Moreover, colleges and universities are a good practical investment,
|as they help to prepare young people for a changing world.