|Most people are aware that Canada and the United States are two very large countries in North America.
|However, most people do not know how these countries came to exist.
|The story of the creation of these countries is a very interesting one.
|During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries,
|some people from England and from France moved across the Atlantic ocean.
|English people lived on what is now the east coast of the United States,
|and French people lived in what is now Quebec, in the eastern part of Canada.
|The kings of England and France were often at war with each other.
|This meant that there was often fighting in North America between the soldiers of England and France.
|By about the year 1750,
|there were many more people in the English colonies than in the French colonies.
|When the next war began,
|the English king was determined to defeat the French and gain complete control of North America.
|The English assembled a large force of ships and soldiers and attacked the French at Quebec.
|The French fought bravely, but they were too few in numbers, and the English won the war.
|England then gained control of all of North America.
|After this war, the people of the English colonies in North America
|began to feel dissatisfied with their government.
|They were not represented in the English government,
|but they had to pay taxes to the English king.
|The taxes were used to pay for English soldiers who defended the American colonies,
|but the Americans did not want these soldiers.
|In 1775, the American settlers began to rebel,
|and in 1776 the Americans declared their independence.
|For several years, there was much fighting between the Americans and the English soldiers.
|For a while, it appeared that the Americans would lose, even though they fought bravely.
|Then, the king of France decided to help the Americans.
|He sent his ships and soldiers to America,
|and they helped the Americans to defeat the English forces.
|England recognized the United States of America as an independent country in 1783.
|However, England kept control of Canada.
|When the American colonies rebelled against England,
|some of the people who lived in those colonies did not rebel.
|Those people were called “Loyalists” because they were loyal to the king.
|When the war ended, the Loyalists had to leave the country.
|They moved northward to Canada, where they started new English-speaking colonies.
|During the year 1812, the Americans invaded Canada,
|but they were not able to conquer the country.
|During the 19th century,
|the people of Quebec continued to speak French and to maintain their French culture.
|Meanwhile, many more people moved to the English-speaking areas of Canada.
|In the year 1867,
|Quebec and the English-speaking colonies agreed to form a single country, Canada.
|By this time, there were two very large countries in the northern part of North America!